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Chronic Disease & Injury

Heart Disease

Cardiovascular disease, which includes heart disease and stroke, is the leading cause of the death both nationally and in Arizona. In 2008, Heart disease was the cause of nearly 1 in every 4 deaths in Arizona.

Many of the risk factors for heart disease and stroke, including poor nutrition, physical inactivity and tobacco use, are behaviors that can be modified to prevent or delay the development of cardiovascular disease.


The five major symptoms of a heart attack are:

  • Pain or discomfort in the jaw, neck, or back.
  • Feeling weak, light-headed, or faint.
  • Chest pain or discomfort.
  • Pain or discomfort in arms or shoulder.
  • Shortness of breath.

Risk Factors:

Prevention of Heart Disease:


*Note: If you are 51 years of age or older you should consume no more than 1,500 mg of sodium per day