disease is a serious disease that causes much sickness and
death. In fact, pneumococcal
disease kills more people in the United States each year than all other
vaccine-preventable diseases combined.
pneumococcal pneumonia is often characterized by sudden onset of illness with
symptoms including shaking chills, fever, shortness of breath or rapid
breathing, pain in the chest that is worsened by breathing deeply, and a
productive cough. In infants and
young children, signs and symptoms may not be specific, and may include fever,
cough, rapid breathing or grunting.
there are more than 40,000 cases of invasive pneumococcal disease each year and
approximately one-third of these cases occur in people 65 and older. About half of the 5,500 annual deaths
from invasive pneumococcal disease occur in the elderly. In Arizona, there are about 1,100 deaths
each year related to influenza and pneumonia.
vaccines, also known as pneumonia shots,
can significantly reduce secondary infections and reduce illness and death from
influenza and pneumonia.
vaccine is routinely recommended for people who are at increased risk from
pneumococcal disease, including:
- All adults 65 years of
age and older
persons ≥ 2 years of age (includes those with chronic illnesses such as
cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, diabetes, alcoholism, cirrhosis, and
cerebrospinal fluid leak; anatomic or functional asplenia; immunocompromised
from either disease, chemotherapy, or steroid use; HIV infection; and certain
environments or setting with increased risk).
children <2 years of age
information can be found at: http://www.cdc.gov/nip/diseases/pneumo/default.htm
65% of Arizonans 65 years of age and older have received pneumococcal vaccine,
and approximately 72% of Arizona’s children under 2 years of age have received
the pneumococcal vaccine. The
National and Arizona Immunization coverage goal for adults 65 years of age and
over and children under 2 years of age is 90%.