Congratulations to Camryn P. for winning the 2015 Swim Safe and Be SunWise video contest! Watch the winning video here.
The following table lists some common waterborne illnesses with their symptoms, causes, and incubation period. Please refer to the CDC's Alphabetical Index of Water-related Diseases, Contaminants, & Injuries for a more comprehensive list of waterborne pathogens.
|Adenovirus Infection||Adenoviridae virus||Vary depending on which part of the body is infected||Drinking contaminated water||5-8 days|
|Amebiasis||Entamoeba histolytica parasite||Diarrhea, stomach pain, and stomach cramping||Fecal matter of an infected person (usually ingested from a pool or an infected water supply)||2 to 4 weeks|
|Campylobacteriosis||Campylobacter jejuni bacteria||Chicken, unpasteurized milk, water||2 to 10 days|
|Cryptosporidiosis||Cryptosporidium parasite||Stomach cramps, dehydration, nausea, vomiting, fever, weight loss||Fecal matter of an infected person (can survive for days in chlorinated pools)||2 to 10 days|
|Cholera||Vibrio cholerae bacteria||Watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps||Contaminated drinking water, rivers and coastal waters||Two hours to 5 days|
|E. Coli 0157:H7||Escherichia coli bacteria||Diarrhea (may be bloody), abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, HUS||Undercooked ground beef, imported cheeses, unpasteurized milk or juice, cider, alfalfa sprouts||1 to 8 days|
|Giardiasis||Giardia lamblia parasite||Diarrhea, excess gas, stomach or abdominal cramps, and upset stomach or nausea||Swallowing recreational water contaminated with Giardia||1 to 2 weeks|
|Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A virus||Fever, fatigue, stomach pain, nausea, dark urine, jaundice||Ready-to-eat foods, fruit and juice, milk products, shellfish, salads, vegetables, sandwiches, water||28 days|
|Legionellosis||Legionella pneumophila bacteria||Fever, chills, pneumonia, anorexia, muscle aches, diarrhea and vomiting||Contaminated water||2-10 days|
|Salmonellosis||Salmonella bacteria||Abdominal pain, headache, fever, nausea, diarrhea, chills, cramps||Poultry, eggs, meat, meat products, milk, smoked fish, protein foods, juice||1-3 days|
|Vibrio Infection||Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus bacteria||Nausea, vomiting, headache (a quarter of patients experience dysentery-like symptoms)||Raw shellfish, oysters||1 to 7+ days|
|Viral Gastroenteritis||Calicivirus virus||Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, cramps, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, slight fever||Water, ready-to-eat foods (salad, sandwiches, bread) shellfish||24 to 48 hours|