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The following table lists some common waterborne illnesses with their symptoms, causes, and incubation period. Please refer to the CDC's Alphabetical Index of Water-related Diseases, Contaminants, & Injuries for a more comprehensive list of waterborne pathogens.
|Adenovirus Infection||Adenoviridae virus||Vary depending on which part of the body is infected||Drinking contaminated water||5-8 days|
|Amebiasis||Entamoeba histolytica parasite||Diarrhea, stomach pain, and stomach cramping||Fecal matter of an infected person (usually ingested from a pool or an infected water supply)||2 to 4 weeks|
|Campylobacteriosis||Campylobacter jejuni bacteria||Chicken, unpasteurized milk, water||2 to 10 days|
|Cryptosporidiosis||Cryptosporidium parasite||Stomach cramps, dehydration, nausea, vomiting, fever, weight loss||Fecal matter of an infected person (can survive for days in chlorinated pools)||2 to 10 days|
|Cholera||Vibrio cholerae bacteria||Watery diarrhea, vomiting, and leg cramps||Contaminated drinking water, rivers and coastal waters||Two hours to 5 days|
|E. Coli 0157:H7||Escherichia coli bacteria||Diarrhea (may be bloody), abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, HUS||Undercooked ground beef, imported cheeses, unpasteurized milk or juice, cider, alfalfa sprouts||1 to 8 days|
|Giardiasis||Giardia lamblia parasite||Diarrhea, excess gas, stomach or abdominal cramps, and upset stomach or nausea||Swallowing recreational water contaminated with Giardia||1 to 2 weeks|
|Hepatitis A||Hepatitis A virus||Fever, fatigue, stomach pain, nausea, dark urine, jaundice||Ready-to-eat foods, fruit and juice, milk products, shellfish, salads, vegetables, sandwiches, water||28 days|
|Legionellosis||Legionella pneumophila bacteria||Fever, chills, pneumonia, anorexia, muscle aches, diarrhea and vomiting||Contaminated water||2-10 days|
|Salmonellosis||Salmonella bacteria||Abdominal pain, headache, fever, nausea, diarrhea, chills, cramps||Poultry, eggs, meat, meat products, milk, smoked fish, protein foods, juice||1-3 days|
|Vibrio Infection||Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Vibrio vulnificus bacteria||Nausea, vomiting, headache (a quarter of patients experience dysentery-like symptoms)||Raw shellfish, oysters||1 to 7+ days|
|Viral Gastroenteritis||Calicivirus virus||Diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, cramps, headache, muscle aches, tiredness, slight fever||Water, ready-to-eat foods (salad, sandwiches, bread) shellfish||24 to 48 hours|